Suspicion immediately fell on two Black men, Bud Rowland and Jim Henderson, who were arrested and placed in the local jail. She said her attacker was a white man and she refused to identify him. Donegan was still alive when militia arrived at the scene but died the next morning. During the riot, which left an estimated seven people dead, hundreds of Black citizens sought National Guard protection at nearby Camp Lincoln and others fled the city.
Members of the mob cut up the rope used to hang him and kept the pieces as souvenirs.
Inthe body of a year-old white woman, Pearl Forbes, was found in a nearby ravine. No one in the mob wore a mask. He tried to hide from the mob, but was kidnapped and hanged from the same tower in the town square. They broke into the jail using foot timbers as battering rams, placed a noose around Mr.
After Mr. The Afro American reported that the mob danced around Mr. It cost us 75 cents. Inwe supplemented the report with racial terror lynchings in states outside the South. The mob took the dying man to the ravine, chained him to an iron stake, doused him with 22 gallons of kerosene, and set him on fire before the massive crowd.
Three people were indicted for murder; one committed suicide and two were acquitted.
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The local press helped instigate the violence by using racist stereotypes to stir fear and hatred among the local white community. On December 16,a white barber was murdered in Rockport, Indiana. Scott Burton tried to defend himself against the attackers and was shot four times, dragged through the streets, then hung and mutilated until the national guard interceded. He was quickly arrested for both crimes.
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Photographs of the brutal lynching, featuring members of the crowd proudly posed beneath the hanging corpses, were widely shared, but local authorities claimed no one could be identified. This public spectacle lynching was was one of 19 recorded terror lynchings in Kansas between and George Armwood, a year-old mentally ill Black man, was accused of attacking an elderly white woman, and was arrested.
Lynchings were violent and public events that traumatized Black people throughout the country and were largely tolerated by state and federal officials. Police and county officials did not act to prevent any of these lynchings. Rumors circulated that a Black man had attempted to shoot at the perpetrators during the lynching, and the mob moved from outside the jail to the Black section of Pierce City, where Mr.
The violence and terror lasted nearly 15 hours. The 12 guards who were ased to defend the jail did nothing to resist the mob.
He was pronounced dead at a. The mob cut off his prayers and strung him up. William Godley, a Black man, was arrested and charged with rape and murder. He was given a chance to pray, but the mob became impatient and demanded that he be hanged at once. Though local police believed that Ms. Alexander of assaulting her.
State police moved him to three different jails before he was brought to Somerset County based on reassurances from officials there that he would be safe. The mob returned to the jail, shot Mr. Henderson in his cell, and then dragged his body to the courthouse lawn and hung him from the same tree as Mr. Rowland, and shot bullets into his body as well. Within hours of their arrest, a mob of at least white people came to the jail with sledgehammers, ropes, and guns, to kidnap and lynch these two men.
The mob took down a telegraph pole and used it as a battering ram to cave in the wall of the jail. The mob first removed Mr. Rowland from his cell, placed a rope around his neck, and took him to the east side of the courthouse lawn.
Newspapers later reported that both men were innocent of the rape allegation. Inthe body of a white woman was found in Pierce City, Missouri. Local publications agitated racist sentiments by blaming rising crime in Springfield on Black residents. Just before midnight on April 14, they hanged Mr. Duncan and Mr. Coker from a light tower in the town square and burned and shot their corpses while a crowd of white people participated. A conviction ten years earlier for the rape of a white woman, based on a questionable eyewitness identification, had given Mr.
Godley a reputation as a sexual aggressor. Thomas Shipp and Abram Smith, both 19 years old, were severely beaten and lynched, and year-old James Cameron was badly beaten but survived. The brutalized bodies of Mr. Shipp and Mr. Smith were hung from trees in the courthouse yard and kept there for hours as a crowd of white men, women, and children grew by the thousands.
On October 18,shortly after Mr. Armwood was brought to the county jail, a mob of more than white people began to form.
On August 20,Mr. Godley was seized from the city jail by a mob of white men and lynched. In September, Nellie Hallam, the alleged rape victim whose accusations set off the wave of violence, ed an affidavit stating that neither of the Black men initially accused had attacked her. Several members of the mob reportedly had come to the jail earlier in the day to find out where Mr.
Armwood was being held. Lynching of African Americans was terrorism—a widely supported phenomenon used to enforce racial subordination and segregation. The violence climaxed early the next morning with the public lynching of two Black men who had nothing to do with the original alleged crime. Continuing their string of violence into the early morning of April 15, the mob chased after Will Allen, who had been accused of a recent murder without evidence.
On August 14,violence erupted just miles from the longtime home of Abraham Lincoln in Springfield, Illinois, when a mob of white men planning to kidnap and lynch two Black men accused of raping a white woman learned that the men had been moved from the local jail to another city. Rowland allegedly implicated Mr. The mob then hung him from a tree and fired bullets into his body.
The mere accusation of rape, even without an identification by the alleged victim, often aroused a mob and resulted in lynching. Within hours, a mob of white people began to gather at the local jail. Though both men had alibis confirmed by their employers, a mob refused to wait for a trial. The victim had a fractured finger but there was no evidence she had been raped.
After gaining entry, the mob found Mr. The mob took Mr. Bush down the street to a prominent corner in front of the courthouse, stripped him of his clothes, and placed a rope around his neck. The mob was initially turned back because Mr. Rolla was arrested later that night and taken to neighboring Boonville, Indiana.
His body was cut down shortly thereafter. The following evening, a white mob of Rockport citizens, broke into the jail in Boonville and kidnapped Mr. Rolla, as he pleaded his innocence. On June 2,Sam Bush was arrested for this alleged offense and placed in jail in Decatur, Illinois.
In the gruesome lynching that followed, the white mob mutilated Mr. They castrated him, likely while he was still alive, and took parts of his body as souvenirs. Mounting outside pressure eventually led to the trial of two accused mob leaders, each of whom was found innocent by juries of all white men. On August 7,a large white mob used tear gas, crowbars, and hammers to break into the Grant County jail in Marion, Indiana, to lynch three young Black men who had been accused of murdering a white man and assaulting a white woman.
On January 15,a mob of thousands broke into the jail and attacked Mr. Alexander with a hatchet before dragging him from his cell.
William Donegan, an year-old Black man who was married to a white woman, was taken from his home and hung from a tree across the street, where his assailants cut his throat and stabbed him. The mob took him to the courthouse lawn in Boonville and hung him from a tree. Police arrested white people suspected of participating in the violence and were indicted.