The internal arrangements of the building are very complete and we think could not very well be improved, the cells are well ventilated, admirably arranged and kept scrupulously clean. Eating places are provided along the line and most luxurious sleeping cars accompany all night trains with no change of cars between Chicago and Cleveland and only one change between Chicago and Buffalo.
The sheriff and marshall were evidently able to cope with any law breakers to be found in the peaceful little city. The river bending northward enters the state of Michigan about six miles from South Bend.
It is interesting to note that no mention is made of a police department, though among the names in the directory, however, that of Alexis Theodore Coquillard is given as chief of police. There was no date recorded. Not long after it passed into the hands of Father Sorin, priest of the congregation of Holy Cross who, with a few brothers of the same order had come to America. One of the few is the McDonald Studio which did a flourishing business even back in The younger generation of today may think of soda water as a rather modern, 20th century concoction but our grandmothers regaled themselves with this favorite drink.
Many a person can remember laboring over the intricacies of a Spencerian copybook. Our present Y. There are four large public schools in the city, three of them being of brick, and will accommodate about scholars each. Inthe government changed the name to South Bend, St.
Joseph County, Indiana, and thus it has been known ever since. Our advertising department is a feature well worthy of the notice of every class of buyer.
South Bend is the capital of St. Joseph County. The rear room is used as the city council chamber. That was the day of fancy writing, elegant with its many curves and flourishes. Market be. Those not conversant with the complicated nature of the work cannot form anything like an adequate idea of the labor connected with it and the care and system required in the printing and getting out of the book in order to be accurate and satisfactory in all its details.
The wording of some of the advertisements is very quaint and many of the things advertised are unnecessary in our present day life. LaPierre has disposed of his candy factory to O. Palmer, who prosecutes the business at 57 Michigan St. Knoblock on Washington St. To our certain knowledge this house occupies the front rank in the grocery business and this their sales will testify.
The county was organized in ; the town in The first city charter was granted in Two years later, the first directory was issued. The classified part of the directory indicates just what goods were sold at a grocery store in Evidently J. Many of the headings in the classified section of that first directory which seems odd to us today. Struck by its loveliness, or to speak more correctly, influenced by that Providence which directs the most apparently unimportant events for the accomplishment of its own eternal des, Father Badin resolved at once to secure this place to the church as the site of a future college.
With few changes, the ing has remained the same as adopted at that time.
This contains the first printed history of South Bend. The directory of was the first to give street s as we know them today. It was a year earlier, when free mail delivery by the Post Office Department was commenced, that William Whitten, then city engineer, submitted a plan to the council asing s to houses and store buildings. Our grandmothers contented themselves with making hair ornaments. Notre Dame and its sister institution, St. The directory says:. We believe the name of South Bend was given the city from the fact of its being located on the river at its extreme southern bend.
In this was not the case. The site of the city is on a commanding bluff on the west bank of the St. This is South Bend, proper.
These two men founded South Bend. Faculty, D. Holmes, president assisted by five department teacher. The business of making a directory, compiling and publishing the same, is at best an arduous task. Even if the mails were slow, people must have done quite a little traveling for the back cover of the first directory advertises a of hotels: The Island House, at the depot in Toledo; Spencer House, Cincinnati; Milburn House, Mishawaka; Biddle House, Detroit, and the Western Hotel in New York.
South Bend boasted a business college even in that early day for Mr. Sumption, the school examiner, in conjunction with a Mr. Adams conducted a Spencerian Commercial College in the St. Joe block. West end of Washington Street. They took possession of it in The University was incorporated in and enlarged in Each students was required to bring with him the following, which certainly is not the list a modern college boy would make out: 6 shirts, 6 pocket handkerchiefs; 6 pairs of stockings; 6 towels; 6 napkins; 3 pairs of boots or shoes; 2 suits of clothes for winter and 2 suits of clothes for summer; 1 overcoat with shawl; 1 hat; 1 cap; 1 table knife; 1 fork; 1 teaspoon; 1 tablespoon; and 1 comb and brush.
Hence the name South Bend. Market 4 d. What an indoor sport! We believe no better arranged post office exists in the state and for tasteful appearance and for adaptation to the purpose for which it was built, can scarcely be excelled in the West.
A valuable and handsome clock has been placed in the cupola at a considerable height so that the correct time of the day may be seen for a good distance. Take livery stables for example-the coming generation will not know what such a place was and yet what a thrill some of our older citizens can date South Bend IN guys review riding in a livery rig such as is pictured in these early directories.
This is a boon which is appreciated by all. It hardly seems possible that mail from South Bend reached it but once a week just 70 years ago. Just as a present directory lists the names of the city and county officials, so we find them listed in the first directory, that of William G. John Brownfield is listed as chief engineer of the fire department with Nathan Marsh and William Mack as his assistants. The first few s of this first directory are given over to a descriptive historical and business review of South Bend at that time.
These enterprising men may well be distinguished from their old fogy neighbors by the prominence of their s in the s of this first directory of South Bend.
In the yearthe Rev. Badin, of venerable memory, while traveling through the northern section of the state of Indiana, visited the spot now known by the name of Notre Dame but then lying unnoticed in its native forest wilderness and beauty. Just how does anyone suppose Mr. The diction in some of the advertisements seems odd and stilted to us today.
In some instances these places were quite far out. This resolution he executed. The whole of the lower floor is used as a post office while the upper front rooms are occupied as offices by the mayor. LaSalle came through the South Bend area inbut it was not until that the first white settler, Pierre Navarre, built his little cabin by the side of the St. Joseph River. In this day and age, we mail a letter and expect it to be delivered as soon as possible with no thought of the days on which mail is sent out to a certain place. The northern part of Indiana was not settled permanently as early as the rest [of the state] although it really had in a way, the earliest start.
Of the public buildings in use inespecial mention is made in the first directory of the Court House which today serves as a historical museum [no longer].
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An addition to the city has recently been made by annexing the village of Lowell, on the east bank of the river St. Joseph, which has increased the population about 1, souls and which now makes a total of 9, souls. Very few places listed in the directory of are still doing business under the same name. The first directory credits South Bend with 9 churches while the one published 2 years later, lists Glancing over the directory ofwe find 99 churches, accommodating the worshipers of South Bend: 79, Protestant; 4, Jewish; 2, Greek; and 14, Roman Catholic.
Wayne which was on the little St. Taylor, Postmaster, Southold, Allen county, Indiana. Four years later, Lathrop M. Taylor arrived as agent for Samuel Hanna.
The First City Directory. Bissel, George Milburn and James Oliver. A look at it will be of interest:. The factory was located on the mill race between Market and Michigan Streets. The site of the city is elevated, the soil is a sandy loam, the surface level; thus making the finest natural streets and sidewalks to be found anywhere.
It shows the spirit of the go-a-head-activeness in our merchants and business men who desire to make known the wares and commodities they have for sale. How nice it would be if the same could be said of the names of streets, but alas, many of these have undergone sad changes!
The Post Office, erected two years before the directory was issued, was located on the corner of Main and Market now Colfax streets. The editors say:. People will do well to give it a wide berth.